What exactly are dark under-eye circles?
Dark eye circles make your eyes appear weary and wrinkled, making you appear older and less dazzling than you are. As a consequence, others may mistake you for tired or uninspired. While dark eye circles may not endanger your general health, their look can be detrimental to one’s self-esteem, causing aggravation and anxiety.

What causes dark under-eye circles?
It is a prevalent misperception that black eye rings are caused by a lack of sleep. In actuality, there are several more variables that contribute to dark eye circles. Identifying the contributing cause of your dark eye circles is critical to resolving the underlying issue.

Pigmentation of the skin
The most prevalent reason of dark eye circles is skin pigmentation. It is caused by the pooling of blood in the blood vessels under the eye. This happens when red blood cells leak through capillaries. Because the skin around the eyes is the thinnest and most sensitive, leaking blood vessels dye the skin a dark blue-black color.

Skin that is too thin
Thin under-eye skin may make dark eye circles more visible because it exposes the bone structure in the under-eye region. It also exposes capillaries beneath the thin skin surface, making dark eye circles more visible.

As we age, the collagen in our skin begins to disintegrate, and the synthesis of skin-boosting collagen decreases, resulting in skin thinning. Ageing also increases the likelihood of pigmentation, which makes capillaries more noticeable.

Additionally, as we age, our eyes get increasingly sunken as a result of fat loss in the under-eye region. Capillaries beneath the skin constrict, resulting in dark under-eye circles.

Exposure to the Sun
Excessive exposure to UV rays, whether from sun exposure or other types, might harm your melanocytes. This may result in melanin overproduction, resulting in skin pigmentation under the eyes.

This is compounded in Singapore by the year-round summer heat to which we are continually exposed.

Bags under the eyes
The buildup of extra fat deposits in the under-eye region causes eye bags. When eye bags develop, the capillaries beneath the skin are forced closer to the skin’s surface as fat deposits accumulate. Because the skin around the eye is so thin, blood vessels are more apparent and cause discoloration.

Large eye bags can also throw a shadow over the under-eye region, giving it a dreary and gloomy appearance.

Sleep Deficiency
Sleep deprivation causes blood vessels to dilate, increasing the retention of blood and fluid around the eyes. Because the skin around the eyes is the thinnest and most sensitive, blood vessels become more apparent, giving the area a darker look.

Genetic Predisposition
Family history also plays a role in the development of dark eye circles. Those with darker skin tones are more likely to develop black eye circles. The skin produces more melanin, increasing the likelihood of skin coloring.

Individuals with thinner skin may have more visible black eye circles owing to the greater visibility of capillaries.

Responses to Allergens
When you have an allergic response, your body’s cells release a chemical component that causes fluids to leak from your capillaries, resulting in a dark blue-black pigmentation under your eyes.

Eye Bags vs. Dark Circles
Dark dark circles and eye bags are frequently mistaken. While they frequently occur together, they are not the same.

Because of excessive skin pigmentation, dark eye circles appear as a dark, blue-black discoloration in the under-eye region. It gives the eyes a dreary and gloomy look.

Eye bags, on the other hand, frequently result in puffy or swollen eyes. They occur as a result of the muscles around the eye weakening, resulting in a gravitational force that causes a pouch to form. Excess fat accumulates in the pouch over time, resulting in the eye bags.